Claude Monet was born in Paris on 14 November 1840, but he spent his early life in Le Havre, where he drawed caricatures and he was noticed by E. Boudin, who convinced him to devote himself to landscape painting.
In 1859 Monet moved to Paris, where he discovered the painting by Delacroix, Daubigny and Corot, and he met Pissarro, Bazile, Sisley, and Renoir. Together with those painters, Monet began painting “en plein air” in Fontainebleau wood.
During his early years of his career, Monet didn’t enjoy good moments, especially due to his lack of money, and in 1869 his creditors confiscated all the canvas he had. Monet wasn’t able to paint because he didn’t have his colors.
Monet’s landscapes, painted with a meticulous attention to the reflection of the light on the water, represented the first works of the Impressionism. His 1872 painting “Impression. Soleil levant” (“Impression. Sunrise”), exhibited in 1874, gave the name for the new artistic movement: Impressionism.
Claude Monet made a careful study of the laws of physics which form the basis for perception of the light and color in human eyes. He depicted the same scene many times in order to capture the changing of light that could be seen only by the painter at the moment he painted.
In 1883 Monet moved to Giverny, Normandy. There he created a garden and his refuge, or simply he created his own world, which would become his favorite subject of his paintings. Monet lived in Giverny more than 40 years and he used his garden along with its plants and its flowers to produce great masterpieces.
He died in 1926.