Sunday, March 31, 2019

Inside the Speakeasies of New York in 1933

Prohibition in the United States lasted from 1920, when the 18th amendment prohibiting the sale of alcohol went into effect, until 1933, with its repeal via the 21st amendment.

During the Prohibition, and forbade any sale, production importation, and transportation of alcoholic beverages, the speakeasy became the place to socialize at. These speakeasies were bars that illegally sold booze to their customers behind locked doors. Some of these popular places were run by criminals, and even though the police would sometimes raid the bars and arrest both the owners and their customers, the speakeasies were so profitable they continued to flourish.

Photographer Margaret Bourke-White were able to take some photos at a few of these notorious bars in 1933 - the year the Prohibition ban was lifted, and therefor meant the speakeasies could take the locks off their doors. Bourke-White's photos ran in the June 1933 issue of FORTUNE, under the simple and evocative title, "Speakeasies of New York."

At the Hunt Club in the theatrical district, you will find little swank, perhaps the best whisky in town... A modern filing system lists the 32,000 [people] eligible to the Hunt Club.

At luncheon half a dozen dogs feed amicably at their mistresses' side. This bar is chromium, rose and black.

No speakeasy is as popular with aviators off duty as this quiet place. Its proprietor owns tow planes, is himself an expert pilot.

In the heart of a business section Thomas keeps this speakeasy on the second floor. Drinking starts at 8:30 A.M. when full-bellied Irish contractors drop in for a solidly comforting rye.

 Champagne from right to left, on mantel: half nip, nip, pint, imperial pint, magnum, jeroboam, rehoboam, methuzelah, salmanazar, balthazar... Twenty-nine waiters and eight chefs are none too many for a popular place.

Social atmosphere has made the popularity of this speakeasy, which is full of gay chintz, red and white awnings, indirect lights. The barroom is gold and Victorian-green.

Scene inside a New York City speakeasy during Prohibition, 1933.

(Photos: Margaret Bourke-White—The LIFE Picture Collection/Getty Images) 

21 Photos of Charles Manson, His 'Family' and His Crimes

Charles Manson was an American cult leader whose followers carried out several notorious murders in the late 1960s, resulting in his life imprisonment.

Manson and members of his “family” of followers were convicted of killing actress Sharon Tate and six other people during a bloody rampage in the Los Angeles area in August 1969. Prosecutors said Manson and his followers were trying to incite a race war he dubbed “Helter Skelter,” taken from the Beatles song of the same name.

Tate, the wife of director Roman Polanski, was 8 1/2 months pregnant when she was killed at her hilltop home in Benedict Canyon on Aug. 9, 1969.

Four others were stabbed and shot to death the same night: Jay Sebring, 35; Voytek Frykowski, 32; Abigail Folger, 25, a coffee heiress; and Steven Parent, 18, a friend of Tate's caretaker. The word “pig” was written on the front door in blood.

The next night, Manson rode with his followers to the Los Feliz home of Leno and Rosemary LaBianca, then left three members to kill the couple.

Manson, who ordered the Tate-LaBianca killings but was not present for any of them, was found guilty of murder and initially was sentenced to death. But a 1972 ruling by the California Supreme Court found the state’s death penalty law at the time unconstitutional, and his sentence was changed to life in prison with the possibility of parole.

Four young female members of the Charles Manson "family" kneel outside the Los Angeles Hall of Justice on March 29, 1971, with their heads shaved. The women kept a vigil at the building throughout the long trial in which Manson and three others were convicted of murdering actress Sharon Tate and six others.

Nancy Pitman (a.k.a Brenda McCann), Sandra Good, Catherine Gillies, and Mary (Mary Theresa Brunner) dubbed “the girls on the corner.” They shaved their heads along with Manson, Atkins, Krenwinkel, and Van Houten following the guilty verdicts, telling reporters, “You’d better watch your children because Judgment Day is coming!

Kathryn “Kitty” Lutesinger, a Charles Manson “Family” member, on Temple Street during Manson’s trial for the Tate-LaBianca murders.

Members of Charles Manson’s “family” (L-R Sandra Good, Nancy “Brenda McCann” Pitman, and Kitty Lutesinger) hold vigil outside the Los Angeles Hall of Justice, embroidering a vest for the leader who is on trial for murder on January 24, 1971.

Manson family members seen outside of Grand Jury Room 548, 1971.

Manson Family members in the courtroom, 1970. 

Manson cult members receive the news that Charles Manson and his three female co-defendants had been found guilty of murder, January 26, 1971.

From left: Susan Atkins, Patricia Krenwinkel and Leslie Van Houten are shown en route to court in Los Angeles in August 1970. The three women, displaying the symbol X on their foreheads as followers of the Manson cult family, were convicted for killings that included actress Sharon Tate.

Charles Manson is escorted to his arraignment on conspiracy-murder charges in connection with the Sharon Tate murder case, 1969, Los Angeles, Calif.

Charles Manson walks into the courtroom in Santa Monica on Oct. 13, 1970. Susan Atkins, seated, a member of Manson's "family" of followers, pleaded guilty to charges of murdering Malibu musician Gary Hinman.

Members of Charles Manson's "family" are shown outside the courtroom in the Los Angeles Hall of Justice after a hearing on Jan. 27, 1970. Identifiable are Lynette Fromme, foreground left, and Catherine "Gypsy" Share, far right. 

When asked by a newsman, "Are you insane, Charlie?" during a March 19, 1970, interview in Los Angeles, Manson answered: "It all depends on your point of view." 

The 500-acre Spahn Movie Ranch in the Santa Susana Mountains is where Charles Manson and his "family" lived at the time of the Tate-LaBianca murders in 1969. 

The body of actress Sharon Tate is taken from her Benedict Canyon estate where she and four other people were killed the night of Aug. 9, 1969, in Los Angeles.

Manson Family members outside a courtroom during the Tate-LaBianca murder trial, 1970. 

Manson Family members outside a courtroom during the Tate-LaBianca murder trial, 1970.

Charles Manson “Family” members, Kathryn “Kitty” Lutesinger, left, and Nancy Pitman (a.k.a Brenda McCann), on Temple Street during Manson’s trial for the Tate-LaBianca murders, 1970.

Catherine Gillies with “X” carved into her forehead.

Manson follower Sandra Good, 1970. 

Cult leader Charles Manson looks back and smiles after being charged with eight murders on December 4, 1969.

An original booking mug shows Charles Manson at the Ventura County Sheriff's Department in 1968. 

(via Los Angeles Times)

Saturday, March 30, 2019

27 Amazing Photographs of the Chicago Race Riots of 1919

The Chicago Race Riot of 1919 began on a hot July day and thought to be the worst of around 25 riots during the so-called ‘Red Summer’. Some ninety years later the New York Times called it the worst race riot in the history of Illinois.

On July 27, 1919, an African-American teenager called Eugene Williams was swimming with friends in Lake Michigan when he crossed the unofficial race barrier between the ‘white’ and ‘black’ beaches. He was stoned to death by a group of white youths. The murder, and the subsequent refusal by the police to arrest the the person initially responsible began a week of rioting between black and white Chicago residents. When the riot ended on August 3, 23 African-Americans had died along with 15 whites and more than 500 injured. Over 1000 black families lost their homes after being set alight by the rioters.

During World War One, essentially being fought on the other side of the Atlantic, there had begun a great migration of African Americas from the rural south to the cities of the North. When the war came to an end thousands of servicemen, back and white, found their jobs had been taken by Southern blacks and other immigrants. According to the History website the African-American population in Chicago alone had increased in ten years from 44,000 in 1909 to more than 100,000 in 1919. This only exacerbated the already simmering racial tensions related to policing, migration, and housing. Everything came to a head in 1919.

A member of the state militia faces off against an African-American veteran during the 1919 Chicago Race Riot. July 27, 1919.

Vandalized first floor of house

Troops gather at 47th Street and Wentworth Avenue during the Chicago race riots in 1919

The state run militia patrols the streets of Chicago during the race riot of 1919. Photo dated Aug. 1, 1919.

Police remove the body of a black man killed during the 1919 race riots

People moving from house, accompanied by policemen during race riots

Mob chasing victim during race riots

 Kids cheering a burning house.

Illinois National Guard soldiers questioning

Heavily armed motorcycle and foot policemen stood at the ready for instant transportation to quell the rioting on Chicago’s south side on July 30, 1919.

Five policemen and one soldier with rifle standing on street corner in the Douglas Community area.

Chicago Defender

Chicago race riot of 1919.

Chicago Daily Tribune

Black residents of the south side move their belongings with a hand-pulled truck to a safety zone under police protection during the Chicago race riots of 1919.

 A group of white men and boys examine the destroyed homes of black Chicago residents after the city’s 1919 riot.

A soldier tells a man to back up during the race riots in Chicago in 1919. The soldiers were in place to keep white people in their own district.

A police officer stands in front of Burke’s Lunch Room in the heart of Chicago’s business district July 30, 1919

A man armed with a machine gun sits at the Cook County Jail during the 1919 Chicago race riots.

 A firefighter looks over a burned out building during the Chicago race riots of 1919.

A black resident of the south side moves his belongings to a safety zone under police protection during the Chicago race riots of 1919

(via Flashbak)