The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, heir presumptive to the Austro-
Hungarian throne, and Franz Ferdinand's wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, occurred on 28
June 1914 in Sarajevo when they were fatally shot by Gavrilo Princip. Princip was one of
six assassins (five Serbs and one Bosniak) coordinated by Danilo Ilić, a Bosnian Serb and
a member of the Black Hand secret society tasked with killing the successor to the Austro-
Hungarian Empire. The political objective of the assassination was to separate Austria-
Hungary's South Slav provinces from the Fatherland so they could be combined into an
independent Yugoslav state. The conspirators' motives were consistent with the movement
that later became known as Young Bosnia.
The assassination led directly to World War I when Austria-Hungary subsequently issued an
ultimatum to the Kingdom of Serbia, which was rejected. Austria-Hungary then declared war
on Serbia, triggering actions leading to war between most European states.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand with his wife on the day they were assassinated by Gavrilo Princip, June 28, 1914.
Assassination illustrated in the Italian newspaper Domenica del Corriere, 12 July 1914 by Achille Beltrame.
The Archduke and Duchess in the car, the morning they were killed. Sarajevo, June 28, 1914.
The Archduke and his wife emerging from the Sarajevo Town Hall to board their car on the morning the were killed.
The Archduke and his wife leaving the train in Sarajevo, June 28, 1914.
This picture is often said to depict the arrest of Gavrilo Princip, although several scholars say that it depicts the arrest of Ferdinand Behr, a bystander who was initially suspected of involvement in the assassination.
Gavrilo Pricip is arrested moments after the assassination.
Crowds on the streets in the aftermath of the Anti-Serb riots in Sarajevo, 29 June 1914.
Gavrilo Princip outside the courthouse.
Gavrilo Princip, seated in the centre of the first row, on trial on 5 December 1914.
Gavrilo Pricip, a 19-year-old Bosnian-Serb, was arrested for the assassination of Ferdinand.
The 1911 Gräf & Stift 28/32 PS Double Phaeton in which the Archduke Franz Ferdinand was riding at the time of his assassination, Museum of Military History, Vienna (2003).
Princip's FN Model 1910 pistol, Museum of Military History, Vienna (2009).
The bloodstained uniform of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, being displayed sometime after his assassination.