Tuesday, September 17, 2019
Warsaw in the 1930s: Poland's Capital Just Before World War II
The city of Warsaw, capital of Poland, flanks both banks of the Vistula River. A city of
1.3 million inhabitants, Warsaw was the capital of the resurrected Polish state in 1919.
Before World War II, the city was a major center of Jewish life and culture in Poland.
Warsaw's prewar Jewish population of more than 350,000 constituted about 30 percent of the
city's total population. The Warsaw Jewish community was the largest in both Poland and
Europe, and was the second largest in the world, second only to New York City.
Following the German invasion of Poland on September 1, 1939, Warsaw suffered heavy air
attacks and artillery bombardment. German troops entered Warsaw on September 29, shortly
after its surrender.
Take a look at the capital of Poland in the 1930s to see everyday life of Warsaw before
World War II.