Sunday, December 29, 2019

15 Animals That Served in the First World War

Over 16 million animals served in the First World War. They were used for transport, communication and companionship. Animals were not only used for work. Dogs, cats, and more unusual animals including monkeys, bears and lions, were kept as pets and mascots to raise morale and provide comfort amidst the hardships of war.

Togo, the cat mascot of the battleship HMS Dreadnought.

The fox cub mascot of No.32 Squadron at Humieres Aerodrome, St Pol, France, 5 May 1918.

Camels carrying wounded men to safety on the North West Frontier of India, 1917

French Red Cross dogs line up for inspection on the Western Front, 1914.

German transport driver and horses wearing gas masks on the Western Front, 1917.

The monkey mascot of the Third Army Trench Mortar School sits on a captured German trench mortar, 20 May 1917.

Italians landing mules at Salonika in October, 1916.

A gunner of the York and Lancaster Regiment with the regimental cat in a trench near Cambrin, France, 6 February 1918.

French troops with two carrier pigeons strapped in their travelling basket.

A German war dog, fitted with apparatus for laying telephone wires, walking across muddy ground, 1917.

British troops scraping mud from a mule near Bernafay Wood on the Western Front, 1916. British military authorities tried to ensure that animal handlers cared for their animals properly.

German soldiers wearing respirators as they place carrier pigeons into a gas-proof chamber, presumably during an anti-gas drill.

An Australian demonstrating the docility of his camel by putting his wrist in its mouth, Egypt, 17 September 1917.

A dog handler of the Royal Engineers (Signals) reads a message brought to him by a messenger dog, France, 19 May 1918.

A pack horse with a gas mask is loaded up with equipment during the Battle of Pilckem Ridge, Belgium, 31 July 1917.

(via Imperial War Museum)

Sunday, December 15, 2019

30 Wonderful Photos of 1960s Flattops

A “flattop” is a type of short haircut where the hair on the top of the head is usually standing upright and cut to form a flat-appearing deck. This deck may be level, or it may be upward or downward sloping. This type of haircut is usually performed with electric clippers, either freehand or using the clipper-over-comb method.

When a flattop is viewed from the front, varying degrees of squarish appearance are achieved by the design of the upper sides as they approach and round or angle on to the flat deck. Possibilities are somewhat limited by skull shape, the density of the hair and the diameter of the individual shafts of hair, but may include: boxy upper sides with rounded corners; boxy upper sides with sharp corners; rounded upper sides with rounded corners; rounded upper sides with sharp corners. The hair on the sides and back of the head is usually tapered short, semi-short, or medium.

Since the haircut is short and quickly grows out of its precisely-cut shape, maintenance haircuts are required at least every few weeks, and some flattop wearers get haircuts as often as once a week. Flattops have almost exclusively been worn by men and boys, being most popular among military men, athletes and blue collar workers.

The flattop has maintained a contingent of dedicated wearers since it was introduced. It was very popular in the 1950s, but faded in popularity with the emergence of longer hair styles in the late 1960s and 1970s. It had a brief reappearance in the 1980s and early 1990s, before dropping off again.

48 Amazing Photos Of Life In The Real Wild West

These authentic vintage photographs of the American frontier reveal what life was actually like in the "Wild West."

The American frontier holds a mythic space in our imaginations. And because of that, it’s a place we envision more through the stories of the Wild West than through its actual history.

The real American frontier wasn’t always as dramatic as it’s made out to be in films, but it was a dangerous place, an untamed land. The settlers who traveled out West in the late 19th and early 20th centuries had to live in defiance of nature and the elements without the comforts of civilization.

Whole families would gather together in wagons and ride off into the unknown, sometimes spending months living in the carriages that pulled them westward. Men, women, and children alike would endure as they crossed over mountains, across rivers, and through deserts in search of a new home and a better life.

When they arrived, they lived in houses built with their own two hands. They had to fend for water and food on their own and set up the very infrastructures of their new towns. Some made their way by working on ranches and farms, others by trapping and trading fur, and some by toiling deep in the mines of the new American frontier.

Life was full of dangers. Sandstorms, tornados, and hurricanes plagued their ramshackle homes. The natives of the land fought to keep it their own. And when lawlessness rose its head, men had to take justice into their own hands.

The Wild West has become a legend, but the real world of the American frontier played out just a short time ago. It’s recent enough that we even have photographs of the families that traveled out and they lives they made, little glimpses into life in the real Wild West.

A covered wagon, the vehicle of the great western migration. This family will live in their wagon while they search for a new home on the untamed American frontier. 

Loup Valley, Nebraska. 1886.

A party leads their horses across the hot, slick rocks of Navajo Mountain. 

Utah. 1909.

Riders stop at a Native American reservation. A dog is being roasted over the cooking pot at Fort Belknap Reservation, Montana in 1906.

An abducted child among his Apache captors. When 11-year-old Jimmy McKinn was rescued and returned to his family, he fought it bitterly, wanting to stay among the Apache. 

Arizona. 1886.

Real cowboys, of course, herded cows. Here, one readies his lasso as he looks out on his herd. 

Genesee, Kansas. 1902.

Cowboys branding a calf. 

Montana. Date unspecified.

A massive haul of 40,000 buffalo hides stored in a hide yard. 

Dodge City, Kansas. 1878.

Coaches travel down a carriage road. 

Pikes Peak, 1911.

Outlaw John Sontag lies dying on the ground after a shootout with a posse. 

Stone Corral, California. 1893.

A mountainside camp set up for miners. 

San Juan County, Colorado. 1875.

John Heith, after joining in a robbery that turned into a massacre, is lynched by a mob. 

Tombstone, Arizona. 1884.

Buckboard wagons cross a river. 

San Carlos, Arizona. 1885.

A rider in the desert refills his keg with water from a well. 

Arizona. 1907.

Apaches, including the war hero Geronimo, after their surrender to General Miles. The train behind them will carry them into exile.

Nueces River, Texas. 1886

Hauling water across the countryside. 

Encinal, Texas. 1905.

Men gamble over a game of Faro inside a saloon. 

Bisbee, Arizona. 1900.

A man, at the site of a new town, looks for a lot. 

Guthrie, Oklahoma. 1889

The first blacksmith shop in town. 

Guthrie, Oklahoma. 1889.

Land in a new territory is auctioned off in this tent. 

California. 1904.

The first house built in Dodge City, a sod home built in 1872. 

Dodge City, Kansas. 1913.

Men outside a crude ranch play poker. 

Arizona. Circa 1887-1889.

Inside a bar at the Table Bluff Hotel and Saloon. 

Humboldt County, California. 1889.

A town starts to grow. The crowd that has gathered is bidding on land that is being auctioned off. 

Anadarko, Oklahoma. 1901.

Men lay down track for a new railroad, connecting the wild frontier with the world.

Arizona. 1898.

A gold rush town in Dakota. 

Deadwood, Dakota. 1876.

A little girl feeds the chickens. 

Sun River, Montana. 1910.

A family outside their home. A Native American servant holds their child. 

New Mexico. 1895.

A saloon on the streets of an Old West town. 

Hazen, Nevada. 1905.

The Klondyke Dance Hall and saloon. 

Seattle, Washington. 1909.

Typical downtown street of a town on the American frontier. 

Corinne, Utah. 1869.

A cow carries seven children to school. The caption, whether in jest or in earnest, claims that carrying the children to school is this cow's "daily duty." 

Okanogan, Washington. 1907.

A teacher and her students stand in front of a sod schoolhouse. 

Woods County, Oklahoma. 1895.

A town gets flowing water for the first time.

Perry, Oklahoma. 1893.

Correspondent Fred W. Loring poses in front of his mule before heading back home to write about what he'd seen out west.

Loring was killed by Apaches less than 48 hours after this picture was taken. 

San Bernadino, California. 1871.

A Pony Express rider on horseback. 


Cowboys herd cattle across a river. 

Missouri. 1910.

A group of trappers and hunters outside their cabin. 

Brown's Basin, Arizona. 1908.

Mine workers coming out of the mine shaft.

Virginia City, Nevada. Circa 1867-1888.

Men cork champagne at the Buena Vista Vinicultural Society. 

Sonoma, California. Circa 1870-1879.

A fishing camp set up by some Chinese settlers of the American frontier. 

Point San Pedro, California. 1889.

Shoshone tribe members dance on a Native American reservation while soldiers look on. 

Ft. Washakie, Wyoming. 1892.

Apaches deliver hay to American settlers. 

Fort Apache, Arizona. 1893.

An Indian Training School teaches blacksmithing. 

Forest Grove, Oregon. 1882.

Judge Roy Bean's courthouse, which doubled as a saloon. 

Langtry, Texas. 1900.

Cheyenne natives, after trying to escape from their reservation and return to their home land, are held prisoner. 

Kansas. 1879.

The execution of a man on the gallows. 

Prescott, Arizona. 1877.

U.S. Deputy Marshalls pose with the clerical force. 

Perry, Oklahoma. 1893.

A sand storm moves across farmland. 

Midland, Texas. 1894.