Monday, October 26, 2020

The Forgotten Holocaust: 47 Heartbreaking Photos From The Armenian Genocide


An Armenian woman kneels beside her dead child near Aleppo, Syria, circa 1915-1919.

Armenians lined up in the streets of Malatia, circa 1918. Nearly all were soon taken into 

the desert and killed.

An Armenian mother sits next to the wrapped corpses of her five children.

While the genocide didn't begin until 1915, trouble had been brewing between the ruling 
class of the Ottoman Empire and Armenian Christians for years.

In fact, in April 1909, six years before the genocide began, Turkish Muslims in support of 
Islamic Sultan Abdul Hamid II killed between 20,000 and 30,000 Armenian Christians who largely 
opposed the Sultan in the Adana region in modern-day Turkey (aftermath pictured).

The genocide started in earnest in 1915, largely under the orders of Mehmed Talaat Pasha, 
one of the three de facto leaders of the Ottoman Empire during World War I.

He enacted the two measures widely credited with initiating Armenian Genocide: the mass arrest 
of Armenian intellectuals in Constantinople on April 24, 1915 and the Tehcir Law that called 
for mass deportations on May 30, 1915.

Soon after those orders came down, Armenians would be ordered to gather in the square of 
their city, after which they were to be marched out of town and killed en masse.

In 1915, several hundred Armenian villagers on Musa Mountain managed to resist 20,000 
Turkish troops for several weeks. They were all eventually killed.

The Ottoman Turks restricted photography and reporting during the genocide, but news of 
the atrocities spread due to the pictures taken by American and other international aid 

The Armenian Genocide began with the murder of 300 Armenian leaders, writers, thinkers, 
and professionals in Constantinople. At that time, 5,000 of the poorest Armenians were also 
slaughtered in neighborhoods.

Armenian deportees marched through Turkey.

Victims' bodies lie on the ground at an unspecified location in the Armenian provinces of 
the Ottoman Empire, circa mid-1915.

Armenian orphans holding their daily allotment of bread at a refugee camp in Aleppo, 

Armenian doctors hanged in Aleppo Square, 1916.

Armenian and Greek refugee children lay eyes upon the sea for the first time, near 
Marathon, Greece, following their departure from Turkey, circa 1915-1916.

Refugee camp in the Caucasus region, December 1920.

Across the Armenian region, the genocide left piles of corpses, skulls, bones, and even 
severed heads.

Armenians display the flag they used to signal for help during their resistance effort at 
Musa Dagh, Turkey before being evacuated to Port Said, Egypt in September 1915.

Armenian orphans on the playground of the "Orphan City" (population 30,000) in 
Alexandropol (now Gyumri), Armenia, circa 1919-1930.

A Turkish police officer (front, center) holds rugs he'd stolen from the Armenians he's 
marching into the desert.

A Starving Armenian Child in Kharberd, 1915. Hungry orphaned Armenian children filled 
the streets during the conflict.

Armenian children whose parents had been killed during the genocide pose at an orphanage 
in Merzifon, Turkey, 1918.

Some of the West remained unaware of the genocide as it was happening. However, a number 
of key reports from The New York Times helped bring the tragedy to light.

Armenian refugee children in Syria who have repurposed flour sacks as clothing, 1915.

Those who survived the death marches, massacres, and starvation were sent to a network 
of 25 concentration camps. Situated along Turkey's present-day borders with Iraq and Syria, 
were used as temporary transit points or for mass graves. Most who came through them did not 
last more than a few days.

 Armenian refugees manage to find some food in the Hauran area of Syria.

Armenian refugees just after receiving clothing aid, circa 1915-1920.

Survivors of the genocide who escaped to Jerusalem, 1918.

The corpses of a tortured Armenian woman and child lie on the ground at an unspecified 
location, circa October 1915.

Armenian refugees at the American relief hospital in Aleppo, Syria, January 1920.

Group of Armenian Men, Just Before Being Burned and Massacred, 1915

Turkish police lead Armenians through the desert of the Mamuret-ul-Aziz administrative 
division of the Ottoman Empire, circa 1918.

An Armenian woman and child receive food relief, circa 1915-1916.

An Armenian refugee camp in Syria, circa 1915-1916.

In Athens, Greece, Armenian and Greek refugee children who'd been expelled from Turkey, 

Armenian refugee children in Syria, 1915.

 An Armenian refugee with her children in Syria, 1915.

Deported Armenian orphans.

Armenian Children Eating Boiled Rice Supplied by the American Committee, 1919

Crowded conditions for Armenian refugees in Syria preparing to leave for Greece, 1915.

Armenian women sew blankets in Yerevan, Armenia, circa 1915-1920.

Armenian refugees in Syria, 1915

Armenian widows and children, circa 1915-1920.

Armenian orphans awaiting transport to Greece, 1918.

Despite such atrocities, most of the world's nations (including the genocide's aggressor, 
Turkey) do not officially acknowledge the genocide.

Pictured: The mere 28 nations whose governments have officially recognized the Armenian 
Genocide, with dark green indicating national government recognition and light green 
indicating regional government recognition (45 out of the 50 U.S. states recognize the 

Nevertheless, 100 years later, the genocide's wounds are still very real in Armenia, 
where citizens pay tribute year in and year out.

Pictured: Women attend a religious service at the cathedral in Etchmiadzin, outside Yerevan, 
on April 23, 2015, ahead of the canonization ceremony for the Martyrs of the Armenian 

Armenians lay flowers at the Genocide Memorial in Yerevan, Armenia for the 101st 
anniversary on April 24, 2016 in Yerevan, Armenia.

People participate in a torchlight procession through Yerevan, Armenia to commemorate the 
anniversary of the genocide on April 24, 2015.

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